L'Association des Eglises Evangéliques Mennonites de France

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L'Association des Eglises Evangéliques Mennonites de France

Location

Strasbourg

Contact Information

Date Established

1979-1980

President

Joël Nussbaumer

MWC Affiliated?

Number of Congregations

33

Membership

2,100


xxxx is xxx associated with Mennonite World Conference. In 200x, xx had xx congregations and xx members.[1]

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History

The origins of the French Mennonites goes back to the Swiss Anabaptists who came to France in successive waves due to economic difficulties and persecution. The group settled in the valley of Sainte-Marie-Aux-Mines and witnessed the birth of the “Jacob Amman Party” in 1693. More migrations took place under the King of France, where the French Anabaptists migrated to Montbéliard, Lorraine int he Duchy or Zweibrücken, or the county of Salem. All of these places had more tolerant feudal lords.

After 1870, the more agrarian in character Alsatian congregations joined the South German Conference when it was founded in 1887. They sometimes kept in close contact with Mennonites in the Palatinate and individual churches from the Association of German Mennonite churches. However, migration in the 19th century consequently meant losing people as well as aspects of the Mennonite theological identity. One of these theological aspects that was compromised was that of the commitment to nonviolence. At the start of the 20th century, however, a group of Mennonites gained a significant dose of evangelical/revivalist theology, which lead to the reestablishing of a more conscious Mennonite identity after World War II. After World War I, and after Alsace was deemed French (during the war, France and Germany fought over who controlled the Alsace region, which in turn meant that the nationality of the Alsace region often switched from German to French, and vice versa) and the Alsatian congregations were cut off from the South German congregations. This lead to the founding of L’Association des Eglises Evangéliques Mennonites (Anabaptistes) or the Conference of Evangelical Mennonite (Anabaptist) Congregations (170).

The second group of Mennonites settled earlier in Belfort/Montbéliard and parts of Lorraine. This group had both urban and agrarian professions. In addition, this gorup of Mennonites adopted the French language in the 19th century.

The creation of new national borders in 1870 meant isolation for the French-speaking Mennonite congregations. The group formed a conference in order to hire Hinerant evangelists in Belfortin 1908 and renewed again in 1929 after World War I.

After the two conferences developed alongside one another for one generation, they discovered that they could share many tasks in mission and relief works. In 1979-80, the conferences united to form L’Association des Eglises Evangéliques Mennonites de France (AEEMF).

Key Individuals in the Life of the Church

Electronic Resources

Citations

  1. "2006 Mennonite World Conference Directory for Asia/Pacific," Mennonite World Conference. http://www.mwc-cmm.org/en15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13&Itemid=16 (accessed 17 June 2009).

Annotated Bibliography

External Links